Si5 Session 2 | Surat Ad-Dukhan – Part 1

Day 2

Surah Ad-Dukhan – Part 1

Nouman Ali Khan



Approach: divided into three categories

  1.     Quran 101: people with no backgrounds with the Quran or non muslims
  2.     Imanic Study of the Quran: the purpose of this is that fact that the Quran isn’t a historical text but rather something applies to every day’s life-psychological, sociological etc
  3.     An attempt of tafsir of the Quran- just to understand an aya you could spend months only on one ayah! language and wording and roots, grammar, analysis etc -very long path but very rewarding- that’s when the student of the Quran realizes how beautiful it is.


Scholars NAK used for the tafsir of this Surah:

  1. Ibn A’shour- al Tahthier wa Al Tanthier
  2. Mohammad Ratib Al Nabulsi
  3. Dars Al Quran by??


-The Order of the Surahs, so it builds up. Each surah is somehow related to the surah before or after. Also, some relationship between the surah’s that start with “Haa, Meem”

-Each Surah has a purpose and one cohesive speech.

-overall of the argument of the Surah


Surah Al Dukhan

  • Makkin Surah
  • “Haa, Meem” surahs
    • deep and powerful lessons
    • begin with an oath- why do we have an oath and what purpose does it serve!
    • begin with Hourouf Moqata’a- but what are these letters doing in the beginning of a surah
  • Breakdown of the layout of the surah
    • 1-6 ayat:
    • 6-8 ayat: ayat about the author, about Allah- Qualities about Allah, specific description that everything you are learning in this part of the surah is related to the qualities of Allah
    • 9-16: why are people rejecting Allah and these ayat coming from him! How Allah plans to deal with these people to get them back to life.
    • 17-24: Quraish is not the only people with a messenger, they are not unique that Allah had sent other normal messengers to other people with more wealth etc- like Musa and The Pharaoh. Allah is telling Quraish “watch it, this happened before! see the punishment”
    • 25-29: “look at what they had left behind!”
    • 30-33: Allah rescued them. Because He rescued before. Comparison
    • 34-39: Turns the attention back to the Prophet SAW “What is there problem against you?” The idea that they are rejecting:
      • revelation
      • the prophet
      • the hereafter
    • 40-43: criminals in the day of judgment
    • 44-50 ayat about hellfire. sarcasm!!
    • 51-57: description about Janna
    • 58-end: addressing and honoring the messenger. Allah is telling him that this revelation-that as mentioned in the beginning of this surah- that Allah has made it easy for him to know and understand it. Allah made the Quran easy so the humanity can understand!!
      • basically no big words, Allah gave the Quran from the perspective of a teacher- he considers what you can handle and what you cannot.
      • Aya 59 ends with a threat. WHY???
  • Allah mentions the skies towards the end of Surat Al Zukhuruf and skies are mentioned in Surah Al Dukhan. Same with these people who their doubt is playing around
  • Zukhuruf: Allah is the Ilah in the sky and in the earth, and in the beginning of surat Al dukhan the same thing- He uses the word “Ilah”
  • Zukhuruf, towards the end- if you were to ask them who created them they will say it is Allah- they have no problem with tawhid, then how are they turning away? There’s a transition from Al Khaliq to Rabb. The problem is with them adimiting the Allah is the Rabb. SO in surah al Dukhan it starts with Rabb so it is highlighted from the beginning of the surah.
  • Zukhuruf and Dukhan:
    • start with “Haa, Meem”
    • Then
      • beginning Zukhuruf: we made it into an arabic Quran, so that you can understand it
        • invitation: Quran is for thinking
      • end Dukhan: we have made it easy on your tongue
        • aspect: warning
      • student teacher: based on thought
        • if this doesn’t work, then you have to warn the students
        • surah al zukhuruf starts with and educational invite to think. but the warning-after the people didn’t pay attention comes to “if you do this again, you’re done” so they don’t this again- actually giving a warning is a mercy because they won’t do it again. warning is an act of mercy
      • Appreciation of the Quran:
        • It is in the sacred guarded- ????
        • ????


  1. “Haa, Meem” The fact that this is being recited by the prophet is ver critical because he never learned how to read or write. “Haa, Meem” isn’t written but rather read. Now, the people didn’t experience the Quran as a book, but rather something being recited.
  2. “Wa Al Kitab” Kitab: carving- when you carve something you can’t erase or change it. “Kitab” writing to something that is impossible to change.
    • oaths:
      • where and when is it taken: court, anger, when people don’t believe you.
        • the arabs would swear to get your attention- to tell you something very important- swearing by something that should get your attention.
        • Quranic Oaths: Allah doesn’t only uses oaths to grab attention but also the oaths itself is undeniable and and it is true and obvious. and it is an evidence for this object
          • Wa Al Asr etc: time is running out and human beings are in loose.
      • Allah swears by the book-speech. The Quran has its own style formal discourse. It seems that it’s written and not only a speech.
        • you know it is coming from someone. It is not the speech of Mohammad because the people of Quraish knew his speech style and obviously the Quran wasn’t his type of speech. So at least the acknowledge that it’s not his words.
    • “Mobeen” from Bana: something that is obvious. When something is separated from something was hidden and became obvious.
      • something that is joined together yet its parts are obvious
      • Bana: to be obvious. But the word “Abba”: extremely clear=Mobeen. So Allah is saying the book isn’t clear but absolutely extremely clear
      • When something is clear from itself- it is clear and it clarifies =Mobeen
        • so what does it clarify???
    • there’s an argument that the object of the oath is written but the subject isn’t there-the object suffices for both object and subject
    • the answer is in the next verse -so how is the object of the oath.
  3. it is the talk of it- we sent it down. Fi Laylati Mobaraka- in a single night.
    • either one of these
      • it came down to the first heaven in own night
      • the revelation began in one night
    • Barakah??
    • the power of this night
      • Barakah- good increasing and beyond expectations
      • the duaa and prayer you do have the power to replicate for the rest of your life and affect those around you- beyond a lifetime
    • this book is great because from day it was revealed it is full of power, blessings and greatness
    • laylaten mubarakaten- nakira: not defined. to install in you a curiosity to know this night- you sent it in a great night, don’t you wanna know which night?
    • Inna Kunna Monthereen- because we have always been wanting to give warning, we have revealed it in such a great/full of blessings night.
      • warning and punishment is sometimes good-hidden mercy
      • it is good to keep people in check
      • learning experience
  4. “On that night is made ….”
    • it in “distinguishing”  is made
      • all types of matters and decisions-filled with wisdom: Hakeem- are made in this night
      • Hakeem: wisdom, something perfected,
        • people suffer for a reason, to learn lessons- SO be content with Allah’s decision
          • Ask Allah for what’s best for you!!! Make smart duaa’s
        • Hekema: Full knowledge of what’s coming with benefit
  5. “As a command that comes from us”
    • in it all kinds of firm decisions made by us
      • Allah’s decisions and commands are obvious??
      • those who look for Allah’s love will find it
  6. ???
    • the Quran came from Allah as an act of love and mercy
    • it is an act of mercy that Allah sent commands
    • “He has always been listener and knower”
      • to what? He listens and knows the crimes of people. All the issues and problem!!
        • because He knows everything so He gave us those commands!!

Si5 Session 1 | Surat Ash-Shuraa – Part 1

Day 1

Intro And Surah & Surah Al Shuraa verses 1-18- Imam Mustafa Umar


  • Tafsir= explanation of the Quran
  • This Wed and Sat- the class is going to be free. We have Ustath Nouman Ali Khan
    • open sessions free for everybody.


  • There’s a difference between any other class and this one- we have a methodology. You have to understand that each shaykh coming to this SI is going to have a different methodology
    • methodolgy: you are focusing on one aspect more than others.
      • Forms of focus in tafsir: grammar, fiqh and Sharia, recitation of the Quran, Iman and Aqeeda, looking at modern issues, and focus on spirituality-you focusing on a verse and see how it can change your life.
    • Tafsir: explanation of the Quran
    • Imam Al Tabari: focus on Riwayat. Riwayat means narrations from companions and what they had to say on the Quran
    • Ibn Katheer
    • Kashaf: focus on grammar
    • Razi: intellectual issues
  • Learning lessons and rules which we can take so we cannot misunderstand the Quran- Imam Mustafa’s methodology
    • learning Arabic by itself could be very problematic- learning Arabic isn’t the only way to the Quran

Surah Ash Shura- Surah 42

  • It is a makken Surah- it was revealed prior to the migration of the prophet Mohammad SAW
  • why do we focus on this? the focus of the surah is different. the meaning and approach of the surah is different. Communal rules needed to be revealed after the migration to madina. Surahs revealed in makkah were stronger than the ones in madina so people can believe in Islam
  • surah shura is — verses

Overview of the Surah

beginning of the surah and end talk about the message


The name of the surah:

  • Shurra=consultation
    • why? surahs’ names it tells you that this surah has this label. Names give labels to each surah
    • names of surahs aren’t chosen randomly.
    • not as a theme for the entire surah but as a label
    • consultation in something where this no clear revelation
  • Verses
  1. – 2. the letters aren’t connected. they come as independent letters. there are several surahs that start like this.
    • what do these letters mean?
      • if it has no meaning or serves no purpose why would Allah put it there?
        • purpose and actual meaning.
          • is there a purpose? yes there is. What do they mean? Only Allah knows
        • so what is the purpose?
          • beginning with Arabic letters draws the attention of the listener of what is being recited
            • power heading phrase to get everyone’s attention
          • a challenge: these letters are what the Quran is made of. It is a challenge is to all Arabs from all times: you know these letters you can takes them and make whatever words and sentences you want. SO take them and try to make something as great as the Quran
        • Meaning:
          • people gave explanations but in the end Allah knows what they exactly mean
          • why? Tariq Ramadan said: when we begin the Quran with these letters- we are people who have became very arrogant with all the things we have- so Allah gives you these letters to humble you. You think you know everything and then here you go Allah gives you this to tell you that you know nothing. To humble you!! there are things that I do not know and things I need to learn
    • If you look at the surahs before and after of this surah you will find something in common.
      • they all start with “Ha Meem”  but only this one goes beyond that and has “Aeen Seen Qaf” why? Imam Razi gives: Allah knows best and know one can give a reason for this.

3. When we begin, we begin with “Kathalika”- this or in this matter or thus. So what does the “thus” refer to?

  •     kathalika- thus as Allah sent revelation to you in the way theses verses (the letters in the previous ayat) were revealed to you.
  • and those before you- it is saying that the revelation has come to you in the same way that it came to the previous prophets that came before you.
  • previous revelations are calling to the oneness of Allah, believing in the prophets, justice etc
  • Wahhy: revelation/what is revealed to you
  • Allah is the mighty and Allah is the wise: two names of Allah that are being mentioned
    • these are not telling you random names of Allah but rather specifically related to the verse. they connect to the verse
    • Allah is Al Aziz: Allah is revealing to the prophet Mohammad SAW and to other prophets. Allah is the mighty=is not limited or restricted.
      • if he has the power to create, then he can communicate.
    • Al Hakim- the wise: He communicates, and people are in need of communication in need of guidance. He chose specific people to communicate with. He chooses those people based on wisdom. And finally, the revelation is based on wisdom-not random revelation.

4. All in the heavens and earth belongs to him.

  •     The heavens
    • heavens isn’t paradise here. Heaven refers to anything above you. so it refers to the plural to anything that’s above you. And earth here means that anything under you- from your perspective.
    • SO Allah owns everything around you- two aspects of ownerships
      • mulk: it is his kingdom and its under his control
      • melk: not only control but also he has ownership over them.
  • and he is the most high the most great
    • the most high and great doesn’t mean physically the highest of the greatest
      • the one who’s in charge has power of everything
      • the one who has everything and own everything is the highest. So it is telling you Allah is this because of this reason. Does anyone own any mulk or melk over anything here? Only Allah does!

5. the heavens are almost broken apart from above.

  • what’s the reason for that?
    • one of the reason why the heavens are about to break apart is because the angels are praising Allah so much. This praise so so great that it is going to break the heavens- heavens here being the spiritual world
    • the second thing: people attributing partners with Allah, people are saying Allah has a son or family, it is so bad that it is breaking the heavens apart- look at what the angels are doing and how amazing it is and what the people on earth are doing and how ridicules it is the comparison is about to break the heavens
  • and the angels ask for forgiveness for those who are in the earth.
    • angels: general all the angels- nothing specific
    • the people on earth: general refers to everybody
      • tafsir: angels are asking for forgiveness for the believers on the earth. -> interpreting Quran from the Quran
        • surah ghafir verse 4: and they ask forgiveness for those who believe
        • the wording is general but it was intended for a very specific group
        • it could be a possibility for everyone on earth that they are asking Allah to guide them so they can be forgiven.
    • Allah is the most forgiving the most merciful:
      • Allah can forgive whoever he has. conditions of forgiveness:
        • 1. sincere about your forgiveness. 2. you are regretful of what you have done. 3. you are going to stop whatever you were doing. 4. if it is a correctable mistake you have to correct it- fix it if it can be fixed
        • Allah is there to listen. you remember that Allah is al ghafour when you despair.
      • Allah is merciful: he is the merciful in the sense that he is not going to punish them in this life. this is a type of mercy!!
        • Also, how the angels are asking for forgiveness for you that’s a type of mercy

6.  Anta: you- refers to prophet mohammad SAW

  • Awliya: allies or others that you seek for help or support. you are in need of help from them- you are taking a protector other than Allah.
    • Allah is aware of them. and he knows that! and you are not responsible for them. referring to the prophet SAW
      • refers to the era of Quraish- idols. asking them for anything people needed.
      • Allah is taking to prophet Mohammed that whatever they are doing but asking those idols for things, Allah knows about it and sees and that you are ya Mohammad are just delivering the message and Allah is not gonna held you accountable- because he is delivering the message.
        • if you deliver the message to them then you are not responsible, but if you don’t deliver the message then you will be held accountable.
        • Allah is a watcher over them so don’t worry

7. thus, likewise- referring to?

  •     you are not going to be held accountable for what they are doing as long as you deliver the message and thus we have revealed to you this Quran in Arabic.
    • but why is arabic mentioned here? why do you need to tell the people of Makkah that the Quran is in Arabic?
      • Arabic to emphasize  the point. this is a language that you understand. it is not a weird text that doesn’t make sense to you. It is rather something intellectual that you can reflect on.
    • Umm Al Qura: the mother of the cities: the city of Makkah
      • so that you can warn the city. what is it referring to? the people of the city!
        • this is known as majal mursal. you mention the whole thing but you mean a specific part of it.
    • warn the city about what? warning the city about the fact that you are gonna be held accountable if you don’t believe in Allah.
    • to warn makkah and the surrounding cities- and the people around it- some people believe that this Quran is limited like only for Arabs but this verse says that it is for everyone. but this is where the message started which is in Makkah
    • day of judgement: why is it called the day of gathering/yawm al jame’:
      • 1. all people will be gathered together in front of Allah. 2. the spirits and the bodies of the people will be gather together again- talking about the day of judgment is both physical and spiritual. 3. the people who did bad actions will be combined back with their bad actions. 4. the oppressor and the oppressed will be gathered together and the justice will take place in this day.
    • 2 groups of people- going to paradise or to hellfire. Why is this mentioned here?
      • this is a sentence of information that has a meaning to affect you- that you better try your best to be in this group and you better try your best so you won’t be with this other group.

8. them? referring to all the people who are gathered in the day of judgment, all the people who said something about Allah, all the angels who ask for forgiveness.

  • he could guide or misguide any of them but he didn’t. why do you have “But” here?
    • it indicates that he didn’t do that for a wisdom. there’s one point emphasized here?
      • because if he did, then there won’t be a free will and this life won’t be a test. you will end up like a robot. ruins the whole point of this life.
      • he will choose who he guides when he sees that this person interested in being guided.  the emphasis here is Allah has control and that’s who he chooses.
      • Allah is emphasizing on the wrong doers- because they didn’t choose the guidance.
      • this is not for them who didn’t believe. He is taking to the believers telling that Allah didn’t choose them because of what’s inside of their hearts.

9. rebuke.. you sought help from others.

  • if you ever wanted to take a protector, if you are in some type of difficulty just call into Allah- He is the only protector.
  • He give life to the death- and he is the only one who can do this.  So Allah is deserving to be the sole protector of anyone because he is the only one of this quality- bringing life back
  • why would you ask other duty or other human being instead of Allah when they can’t do anything!!


10. the judgment is going to be only for Allah, And he is judging according to the reality- not our beliefs or relativity.

  • because truth from our perspective is relative. truth is objective to Allah.
  • Allah is going to judge based on the reality of what is wrong and right because nowadays right and wrong is different according to people
  • “that is Allah, my lord, upon him i relied …” it is referring to the prophet SAW
    • this is trying to say that:
      • I turn to Allah because of everything the previous verses mentioned.

11. fatir?

  • he has made pairs amongst you and among the animals etc
    • why?
      • because this is one of his miraculous features
  • there’s nothing like unto him: there’s nothing close like like him- not even close to be like him.
  • mithel: there is nothing like Allah in his complete essence.
    • mithel also means: to give an example of the essence of Allah and there’s no one like him
  • and he is the hearing and the seen.
    • he is seeing and hearing everyone who’s taking partners with him.

12. the keys of the heavens and the earth belong to him

  • if you want anything from this world Allah has the key. you plant the seed but Allah hold the key whenever he wants it to grow it will grow
  • he holds key to provision
  • he provides and holds the key in his infinite knowledge- there’s a reason for everything.
    • test, lesson, etc there is  wisdom behind everything

13. prophets mentioned here: Prophet Mohammad SAW, Nouh, Ibrahim, Musa, and Issa- Olyy Al Azem

  • why is following Allah is difficult? because you are going against your desires.
  • do not split into different groups because when you do this you will start believing different things about Allah
  • Allah chooses whoever he pleases- Allah guides to himself those who turn to him.
    • if you don’t want to come to Allah, why would Allah guide you?
    • you go towards Allah, and he will come towards you.

SI5 – Audio Files – Rain of Mercy

Bismillah ar-Rahman ar-Raheem
IIOC Juz Intensive: Juz 25

Introduction to the Summer Intensive

  • Classes will be starting on time!
  • Notes from the seminar will be provided.
  • The class will be recorded; please do not record the class yourself.
  • There is live audio streaming to the Mommy & Me for parents with young children.
  • Attendance is mandatory.
  • There will be online quizzes for each day of class.
  • There will be a final exam. It will be a take-home exam; you will have a week to finish it.
  • We ask all students to memorize Surat al-Dukhaan before the end of the seminar.
  • The classes will last three hours, with short ten-minute breaks each hour.
  •  Q/A will be done through notecards that will be passed out.


  • Glad tidings to those of you who signed up for this course! When you signed up for this course, you signed up for your name to be mentioned in a gathering better than this (in a gathering of the angels with Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala).
  • The idea isn’t to fall in love with the program, with this masjid or with the instructors; it is for you to fall in love with the Qur’an. May you honor, respect and glorify the Prophet (sal Allahu `alayhi wa sallam), and strengthen your relationship with Allah (subhanahu wa ta`ala). Ameen.
  • Even the angels lower their wings to the students/seekers of knowledge.
  • Please fulfill the right on the instructor with your genuine, proactive and positive participation.


Here we have provided the audio recordings of IIOC’s Summer Intensive V (2013) program – Tafsir Juz 25. For the duration of this course and until we give the okay, please refrain from copying, distributing or sharing these files–as this is a paid course. We will be offering these files to the public for free (as we have done for the previous years’ SI courses, so until then please just enjoy them yourself).

SI5 – Day 1

SI5 – Day 2

SI5 – Day 3

SI5 – Day 4

SI5 – Day 5

SI5 – Day 6

SI5 – Day 7

SI5 – Day 8

SI5 – Day 9

Kinder USA Fundraiser Banquet – Submitted by Maha Awad

Kinder USA Fundraiser Banquet – Submitted by Maha Awad

Kinder USA invites you to join us on May 4th for its Annual Fund Raising Banquet Dinner with special guest speaker, Professor of Medicine at the University of Norway and Author of “Eyes in Gaza”, Mads Gilbert, PhD, at the Hilton Long Beach. Let’s make this the best year for Kinder and it’s programs, in the hopes that one day, no such programs will be needed. For more information and to purchase tickets, please visit

Disclaimer: Any posting, comment, or expression made in the Community Appeals section represents views and opinions of the person(s) who submitted the post only and are not necessary reflective of Islamic Institute of Orange County’s views or opinions.

Islamic Scholarship Fund – Submitted by Somayeh Nikooei

Islamic Scholarship Fund – Submitted by Somayeh Nikooei

My name is Somayeh Nikooei and I am the Director of Operations at the Islamic Scholarship Fund. I wanted to let you know of this amazing scholarship opportunity we have for undergraduate and graduate Muslim students majoring in the humanities, social sciences, liberal arts, and law. We believe that by encouraging education, Muslims students can improve the understanding and acceptance of Islam by entering professions that influence public policy and public opinion. We are now accepting applications through April 12th, and we would love it if you applied!

Click Here for more information on our mission and goals

Click Here for the application!

Disclaimer: Any posting, comment, or expression made in the Community Appeals section represents views and opinions of the person(s) who submitted the post only and are not necessary reflective of Islamic Institute of Orange County’s views or opinions.

Vacancy for Elementary Teachers

Elementary Teachers needed for upcoming 2013-2014 academic year.

Full Time Teacher requirements:

• Successful teaching experience (at least 3 yrs preferred).
• Multi-Subject Teaching Credentials are required
• Demonstrated ability to apply technology to enhance instruction and promote efficient school management.
• Excellent verbal and written communication skills.
• Ability to establish and maintain rapport with students, parents and colleagues.

Please submit cover letter, resume and copy certification to:

Shabnum S. Husain
Principal, Minaret Academy
1220 State College Blvd.
Anaheim, CA 92806

White House Petition — Submitted by Alim Mia

Dear all,

Assalamu Alaikum WRT. All of you are informed that Human Rights are seriously violated in our motherland Bangladesh. Please sign this petition to stop injustice against opposition leaders specially on largest Islamic party leaders.

TO DO LIST to sign this petition: click the link below:

Disclaimer: Any posting, comment, or expression made in the Community Appeals section represents views and opinions of the person(s) who submitted the post only and are not necessary reflective of Islamic Institute of Orange County’s views or opinions.

Vacancy for Assistant Principal at Minaret Academy

by Custodian 0 Comments

At Minaret Academy

Position Available Immediate, 2013
Position requirements include:

  • Strong academic background.
  • Successful teaching experience (administrative experience preferred).
  • Demonstrated success in curriculum development, instruction and assessment.
  • Demonstrated ability to apply technology to enhance instruction and promote efficient school management.
  • Strong interpersonal, social and emotional skills.
  • Excellent verbal and written communication skills.
  • Ability to establish and maintain rapport with students, staff, parents and colleagues.

Please submit letter of interest, resume and copy certification to:

Shabnum S. Husain
Principal, Minaret Academy
1220 State College Blvd.
Anaheim, CA 92806

Special Invitation: Umrah 2013

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March 22, 2013 – April 1, 2013

Travel package includes: All transportation (Round trip flight LAX-MAD JED-LAX). Daily Breakfast buffet, Tours with Shaykh Mohammed Faqih, Ihram & a prayer rug!


To reserve your spot email: Basant — Space is limited!

Quad Occupancy:           $2,395 Per Person

Triple Occupancy:          $2,495 Per Person

Double Occupancy:        $2,695 Per Person